Redaction Criticism: Perrin, ; Perrin, ; Kelber, Narratology: Malborn, 23—49; Moore, chapters 1—5.
Greek Fiction: The Greek Novel in Context
Reader-Response: Fowler, ; Moore, chapters 6—8. See also the collection edited by Castelli, NB: many more references could be cited in each of these categories; I have only listed representative, introductory studies for each. I would hesitate, however, to depend too heavily on a chronological model for this phenomenon. I will conclude below with some thoughts on the continuity of Christian literature from the New Testament through late antiquity, and I believe shared dependence on novelistic forms underscores that continuity, across genres and across religious, social, or doctrinal divisions.
For the Life and Miracles of Thekla , see the critical text of Gilbert, For a detailed analysis of this work, see Johnson, See Bowersock: — There was a difference!
MacMullen is unfortunately not a lone voice on this question. Other similar claims have been made by specialists in the novel: Perry, ; Reardon but compare Reardon, —; Perkins, ; Beaton, Susan Stephens and Winkler, — Admittedly, these scraps are from trash heaps in Oxyrhynchus and the Fayum area. Acts of John : Junod, Acts of Philip : Bovon, Latin translations: Thomas, Syriac translations: William From the perspective of the present chapter, these texts could be situated either as pinnacle examples of the oeuvre of Apocryphal Acta or, more suggestively, as precursors to the narrative hagiography that begins in earnest in the mid-fourth century with the Life of Antony : for the latter view, see Cameron, Harrison, 1 with references and p.
I am indebted to Richard Dobbins for many delightful conversations about the literary aspects of the Confessions. For an introduction to their ways of reading biblical literature, see Kerm, A recent study in their mould is Most, Kermode, x. Consider, for example, the demonstrable popularity of the Jewish novel in the Hellenistic and Roman periods: Gruen, chapters 5 and 6; Wills, Shils, 77; see also Johnson, 16— Lowenthal, Vermes, ; Kugel, 23 and passim; see Johnson, 78— Derrida, ; see also Johnson, — See Johnson, — on the paratactic style and memorializing in Herodotus and the LM.
See Johnson, 12, — On the Trinitarian language in the LM , see Johnson, 32— There are, however, no uses of the word in this sense in the New Testament. See Johnson, 3—5, — Whitmarsh, Bartsch, Goold, Winkler, — See also Bowersock: chapter 4. On the negative portrayal of Paul in the ATh , see Aubin, — See Pervo, — On the date of Xanthippe and Polyxena , see Junod, 83— Witness the Da Vinci Code phenomenon and more scholarly books such as Pagels, Toggle navigation.
Didacticism Aaron P. A Late Antique Novel? In fact, he goes so far as to predict at the end of his speech her reputation after the closing of the original story: For you will teach many others and you will lead them to your bridegroom, like Peter, like John, like each of we apostles, among whom you yourself will certainly be counted, I know this well. Matthew —29 This prophetic passage closes the face-to-face relationship between Paul and Thekla, but the virgin still longs after him after they have separated.
Conclusion The role of Paul in the LM provides a way of seeing the assumptions of the novel at work in Greek hagiography. Works Cited Aubin, Melissa.
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Beaton, Roderick. The Medieval Greek Romance 2nd ed. Frye, Northop. Anatomy of Criticism: Four Essays Princeton: Harrison, Stephen J. Apuleius: A Latin Sophist Oxford: Kelber, Werner. Lowenthal, David. The Past is a Foreign Country Cambridge: Merkelbach, R.
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Roman und Mysterium in der Antike Munich: Calotychos, Vangelis. Mike, Mary. Yannakakis, Eleni. Apostolidou, Venetia. Subsequent footnote reference: 37 Athanassopoulos, p. Athanassopoulos, Vangelis. Kakavoulia, Maria. Natsina, Anastasia. Paivanas, Dimitris. Kastrinaki, Angela. Mantoglou, Argiro.
Kosmas, Konstantinos. Mackridge, Peter, and Eleni Yannakakis eds. Routledge distributes this title on behalf on Legenda.
You can search for it at their site by following this link. Both the editor's introduction, and the long keynote chapter by Dimitris Tziovas which follows, thoughtfully situate the new developments in the context of what has gone before. All the contributions, in complementary ways, explore one or more of these developing fields of interest on the part of Greek writers.
Subsequent footnote reference: 37 Tziovas, p. Example footnote reference: 35 Tziovas Morgan's chapters 'Daphnis and Chloe: Love's own sweet story' pp. According to Morgan, Longus subverts the view of Thucydides that myth, or fiction, is a passing pleasure; rather it is the 'vehicle of truth, about ourselves and about the world' p. Morgan's account of the Aithiopika focuses on a few instances which illustrate that 'it is characteristic of Heliodorus at every level of narration to withhold information, not simply to produce effects of shock and surprise, but to enlist the reader into an actively interpretative role' p.
According to Morgan, Heliodorus does this to reflect more accurately the confusion and meaninglessness of life rather than to exemplify features of hermeneutic theory. Reardon's chapter 'Achilles Tatius and Ego-Narrative' pp. Reardon also discusses the degree of seriousness of this novel and in conclusion adopts Rattenbury's view that Achilles broke down the conventions for Romance as Euripides did for Tragedy. Achilles repeatedly reduces the commonplaces of the genre to terms of brutal physicality: courting consists of thinly veiled masculine sexual innuendo 1.
The second aim of this collection is 'to promote a wider definition of the canon' Introduction , p. As it stands, the term is used to embrace a wide range of writers. Stoneman points out similarities between the life of Alexander and the romances in respect of its location in Egypt, Alexander's relationship with Candace, the cleverness of the young king, and the telling of wonders.
Next, Gerald Sandy assesses the value of the papyrological fragments of Greek novels in his chapter 'New pages of Greek fiction' pp. Discoveries of fragments of novels famously undermined Rohde's chronology of the romances, but they have also provided material on the basis of which answers to more interesting questions can be constructed. For example, papyrus finds in Roman Egypt indicate that the romances were no more popular than the traditional literary canon.
Above all, the fragments show that Greek prose fiction was polymorphically diverse. Patricia A. Rosenmeyer presents a chapter on 'The epistolary novel' pp.
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Her very thorough treatment of the sub-genre is spoiled by lecture-note expressions, such as 'Issues to consider are Simon Swain's study 'Dio and Lucian' pp. The Euboicus has been well served by commentators in ancient and modern times 5 and illustrates well the blend of rhetoric and philosophy so characteristic of the Second Sophistic.